DIABETES OF THE TYPE 1

The diabetes of the type 1 (previously known under the name of insulino-dependant or youthful diabetes) is characterized by an insufficient production of insulin and requires a daily administration of the latter. The cause of diabetes of the type 1 is not known, and in the state of current knowledge, it is not avoidable. It is known that in the presence of certain genetic markers the risk of appearance of diabetes of the type 1 is increased.

Symptoms

The symptoms are the following: excessive excretion of urine (polyurie), feeling of thirst (polydipsy), constant hunger, weight loss, deterioration of the vision and tiredness. These symptoms can appear brutally.

What are the usual consequences of the diabetes?

With time, the diabetes can damage the heart, the blood-vessels, the eyes, the kidneys and the nerves:

  • The diabetes increases the risk of cardiopathy and cerebral vascular accident.
  • Associated with a reduction in the blood flow, the neuropathy which touches the feet increases the probability of appearance of ulcers of the feet and, at the end of the day, of amputation of the members.
  • The retinopathy diabetic is an important cause of blindness and occurs in consequence of the lesions of the small blood-vessels of the retina which accumulate with time.
  • The diabetes appears among the leading causes of impaired renal function.
  • Neuropathy diabetic made following the nervous lesions due to the diabetes and touches up to 50% of the diabetics.

Diagnosis and treatment

We can pose an early diagnosis using a blood testing. The treatment of the diabetes imposes the lowering of the glycemia and the reduction of the other risk factors of lesion of the blood-vessels. The stop of the tobacco is also important to avoid the complications. The following interventions must be realized:

  • • control moderate glycemia. The people reached of diabetes of the type 1 need insulin;
  • • control blood-pressure;
  • • care of the feet.
  • • tracking of the retinopathy (which causes blindness);
  • • control blood lipids (in order to control the cholesterol concentrations);
  • • tracking of the first signs of a renal disease related to the diabetes.

Source : WHO