ANGINA PECTORIS

The angina pectoris (or angor) indicates a thoracic pain which occurs during an effort and sometimes at rest. It results from a lack of oxygen contribution to the myocardium (heart).

Symptoms

The pain related to the angina pectoris:

  • • Generally appears behind the sternum. It also extends along the left arm, in the back, on the sides, in the higher area of the abdomen, in the left arm, the neck, the jaw or even the teeth.
  • • Is often described either like a vagueness soreness, a pressure or like a constrictive pain (feeling of vice). It is prolonged at least few minutes.
  • • Is generally felt during the effort (at the time of a fast walk: in coast, against the wind, in cold weather).

In the elderly, the pain caused by the angina pectoris often different, is limited to digestive signs (nauseas, eructation) or to tiredness. It can even be quiet.

Risk factors

  • the sex (the men are more touched)
  • the age
  • family antecedents
  • increase in the cholesterol level
  • tobacco
  • diabetes
  • arterial hypertension
  • stress, sedentariness and obesity

Treatment

Treatment of the crisis:

In order to stop the pain, it is as soon as possible necessary to stop the effort, to be put at rest, and to consult in urgency.

Basic treatment:

Two interests:

  • To decrease or remove the pain.
  • To decrease the risk of occurred of a heart disease (myocardial infarction, sudden death).

ACT on:

  • Your dietary habits;
  • Your cigarette smoking;
  • Your physical-activity.

The best way of avoiding the angina pectoris remains the prevention thanks to a good hygiene of life.